There are quite a number of factors that go into building a road, and consequently, a lot of different machines and materials are part of the equation as well.
Once the planning and design phases of building a road have been completed, the physical work can begin with workers, machines, and materials coming together.
Beginning Steps to Building a Road
The first step in building a road is to clear the site of trees, bushes, and other vegetation using a variety of earth-mover machines. Unneeded structures, boulders, and other natural and manmade forms are moved out of the way to create a clear path.
Next, machines like bulldozers and graders move the natural dirt and additional dirt brought by dump trucks to create the base of the road. This base must be level, firm, and free of underground holes that could collapse at a later date. Utilities and piping for drainage that will go under and beside the road are also added at this stage.
Then, gravel is brought in to add another layer of strength to the road’s foundation. Machines with large, heavy drums called rollers are driven over the gravel layer to help make it as compact as possible.
The Finishing Steps to Building a Road
Now the road surface is ready to be laid. Most roads are made out of asphalt, a mixture of oil-based bitumen, sand, and rock. Concrete roads are also an option; concrete is a mixture of cement, sand, and crushed rock. Either asphalt or concrete is laid down over the gravel.
Asphalt is heated and a hot, gooey layer is put down on the gravel; it is then spread around by crews and/or compacted with a roller machine. Concrete is poured into steel forms and molds, and a finishing machine may be utilized to vibrate the concrete to create a uniform surface.
Tucker Paving has 25 years of experience in asphalt and concrete paving, and more. We have the capabilities to clear sites, install utilities, and to complete all phases of road construction and paving. Contact us or call at (863) 299-2262 to see how we can help with your next project.